Throwing Biotech Lies at Tomatoes – Part 2: The Liars

I write about the Flavr Savr in Genetic Roulette: The Documented Health Risks of Genetically Engineered Foods. Two biotech advocates, Drs. Chassy and Tribe, created a GMO disinformation site that allegedly discredits all 65 health risks highlighted in the work. I have already shown that their attack on the first risk, Dr. Pusztai’s potatoes, was based on pure PR spin and scientific sleight of hand. Below I respond to their accusations regarding the Flavr Savr.

1. (Chassy and Tribe) FDA records clearly show that experts stated that the process of introducing stomach tubes can damage the rats’ stomachs and/or end up placing test material in the lungs. . . The reader is not told that regulators approved the tomato because their concerns had been fully satisfied that the GM tomato was not toxic.

As indicated in Part 1, the actual scientists at the FDA wrote memo after memo declaring that the higher rates of lesions in the GM-fed group could not be explained away, and that they were not fully satisfied by the explanations. The discrepancy between what the political appointees at the agency stated publicly, and the concerns expressed in private memos by the scientific staff, has been clearly documented.

In fact, one memo reveals that during their Flavr Savr review, the FDA was making blatant and possibly illegal exceptions. One person wrote, “It has been made clear to us that this present submission [Flavr Savr] is not a food additive petition and the safety standard is not the food additive safety standard. It is less than that but I am not sure how much less.” According to attorney Steven Druker, who is an expert in US food safety law, the FDA’s own regulations clearly state that a lower standard should not have been applied in this instance.

As for the stomach lesions, without repeating the study with the same tomatoes, in the same concentration, with larger sample sizes, we can’t be confident that the GM line was the cause. But likewise, we can’t be confident that they were not. It’s another example of too few data.

2. No real differences were seen between groups of animals in the study. Contrary to Smith’s claims, expert pathologists stated that mild gastric erosions were seen at similar levels in both GM and non-GM fed rats.

This is quite a bizarre statement, given that seven female rats had stomach lesions in the first study, compared to none in the other feeding groups. Even the experimenters said that the results suggest a treatment-related effect. I guess if you completely ignore the main rat study in question, which apparently Chassy and Tribe would like us all to do, then you will not see significant differences. But putting blinders on to ignore inconvenient evidence does not prove safety or demonstrate good science.

3a. Rats might have been injured . . . by accidental administration of test material into the lung instead of the stomach.

3b. Gastric lesions can be caused by acidosis brought on by fasting.

Neither of these arguments address why 7 of 20 females fed GM tomatoes had lesions while the controls, reared under the same conditions, did not. Furthermore, since the rats did not fast but ate as much as they wanted, why would they throw in this irrelevant point (if not to obscure the truth)?

4. Smith is actually asking the reader to believe that the FDA would approve a lethal product.

Believe it! The FDA approves lethal products all the time. According to a report by the United States General Accounting Office, more than half of the drugs approved by the FDA between 1976 and 1985 had severe or fatal side-effects that had not been detected during the agency’s review and testing. In other words, after drug companies spent an estimated 12 years and $231 million dollars to research, test, and secure new drug approval through a very hands-on FDA approach, most of the drugs had to be taken off the market or required major label changes due to missed safety issues.

With GMOs, the situation is far more dangerous. The FDA doesn’t require a single study, the complex biology of GM crops may produce far more side-effects than drugs, GM foods are fed to the entire population, and they are not labeled or monitored, so symptoms are difficult or impossible to track.

5. There is no evidence of animal deaths. . . . Smith may have confused the words necrosis and dead cells with animal deaths. Careful reading reveals that the regulatory record does not mention any animal deaths which surely would have been of concern had they occurred. . . . This claim (in Pusztai and others 2003) appears to be blatantly untrue.

They would hope it was untrue. But just because they didn’t have access to the 44,000 documents made public from the lawsuit does not mean that the deaths did not occur. I can assure you they did, and that Dr. Pusztai, widely recognized as the world’s leading expert in his field and author of more than 300 studies, would not mistake dead cells for animal deaths.
In fact, on page 18 of the IRDC Report, it refers to “necroscopy data” on each animal. Necroscopy is an examination of a dead body, not dead cells.

The reason why the FDA scientists did not raise this issue is that they apparently either did not read the endnote, or simply accepted the unsupported conclusion on face value, which said that the necroscopy suggested that the deaths were due to a husbandry error and not test-article related. Even the Calgene scientists didn’t raise eyebrows at the finding. It wasn’t until a highly experienced animal feeding study expert like Dr. Pusztai reviewed the original papers that this oversight became apparent.

6. Interestingly, eating too many tomatoes can kill rats.

It is odd that Chassy and Tribe first claim that no rats died and then try to argue that if rats did die, tomato overdose could be the culprit. Since all the rats were fed under similar conditions, their killer-tomato argument fails to explain why 7 of 40 GM-fed animals died, compared to only 1 in the other groups.

7. These products are assessed carefully for safety before they are marketed, and—more importantly—there is no scientific reason to believe they pose and (sic) new or different risks.

To claim that there are no new potential health hazards from GMOs is absurd. Fran Sharples, the Director of the Board on Life Sciences at the US National Academy of Sciences (NAS), told me, “The academies have issued numerous reports on assessing the risks of transgenic plants. If the academy believed there were no such potential risks, why would we have delved into these matters in these reports?” One of those NAS reports even acknowledged that the current system of regulating GMOs might not detect “unintended changes in the composition of the food.”

The Royal Society of Canada stated that it is “scientifically unjustifiable” to presume that GM foods are safe and that the “default presumption” is that unintended, potentially hazardous side-effects are present. A WHO spokesperson said that current regulations are not adequate to determine the health effects; the Indian Council of Medical Research called for a complete overhaul of existing regulations; and the American Academy of Environmental Medicine called for a moratorium of GM foods altogether.

Since Chassy and Tribe are fond of using the FDA policy as support for their position, I am happy to quote Linda Kahl, an FDA compliance officer, who directly contradicts their ridiculous assertion. In a memo that summarized the position of FDA scientists about GMOs, she stated, “the processes of genetic engineering and traditional breeding are different, and according to the technical experts in the agency, they lead to different risks.”

What’s Chassy and Tribe’s real motive?

Many of the arguments presented by Chassy and Tribe are easily and completely countered by the evidence. If one were feeling especially generous, one might guess that they simply weren’t aware of the strong concerns voiced in quotes by FDA scientists, the incidence of stomach lesions in the first study, or the fact that the rats didn’t fast. But these points were contained within the very passage of Genetic Roulette that they were supposedly critiquing. If they actually read the book, which we must assume they did, then they absolutely knew that their counter-arguments were directly contradicted by FDA memos and study reports, and thus were utterly false.

Why then did they construct their website in the first place? It appears that they are not really motivated to make cogent scientific counter-arguments, but instead are hoping that the readers blindly accept their baseless condemnation of Genetic Roulette and never actually read the book.

This tactic is similar to other techniques used by the biotech industry that I describe in Genetic Roulette. GMO advocates, for example, often write up lengthy studies or reports that hardly anyone ever reads in detail. Instead, people generally look at the abstract and/or conclusion and accept the authors’ declaration that the findings demonstrate GMO safety. But when an expert actually takes the time to go through the details, he or she discovers that the conclusions are entirely unsupported and unjustified. In some cases, they are in direct opposition to the data.

It took the biotech industry three years to create their so-called academic review of Genetic Roulette. The mere fact that after all that time they could not put together even the most basic scientific arguments is a tribute to the authenticity of the book. If they could have used science to counter it, they would have. But they didn’t. They used spin.

It will continue to be my delight to go through each of their pages to expose their “scientific” sleight-of-hand. But I am much more motivated to spend my time taking steps that will end the genetic engineering of the food supply, rather than trying to convince the handful of people who accidentally wander onto Chassy and Tribe’s disinformation site. So have patience.


  1. Very convincing! I am a great believer in paying attention to the opinions of scientists, defined as “people who know,” in all ecological matters. The lack of labeling requirements is disgraceful; how can we know whether these GMO foods are causing health problems?

  2. This is not a yea or nay on this argument, but a comment requesting further comment. I have heard as evidence that GMO is bad stuff; that animals won’t eat GMO feeds/food if given a choice. Was there any evidence that these rats had problems with the GMO tomatoes??

  3. The giant multinational corporations that have, in essence, bought our government (or too often, comprise it, as in the cases of agency appointees being industry insiders) have made it absolutely clear that they would feed the entire planet pure poison knowing it to be fatal if they believed they could get away with it. Since, it would appear, as time passes there is a higher and higher percentage of industry insiders being appointed to direct our former regulatory agencies, feeding us poison for a profit is exactly what they are doing and will continue to do. The only real answer I’ve found is to buy local organic, and s510 was written to allow that to be stopped. And as a disabled veteran on a small fixed income, even one meal a day of real, natural, organic food is beyond my means and I must take SOME chances or starve. They aren’t “chances” though, are they? Not really. My condition itself causes problems and is not permitted to be treated correctly thanks to the DEA/DOJ War On Pain Treating Doctors (and their patients), so my internal systems are, between hidden GMOs and poorly treated or untreated pain, under massive assault. I can then, assume a radically shortened life of long-term illness that also won’t be correctly diagnosed – or treated.

    I resent being included without my consent, and no doubt preferably without my knowledge, in a population of human Guinea pigs. As far as I’m concerned, the sociopaths in both government and industry, if there’s a difference, are guilty of levels of mass murder that exceed the efforts of the Third Reich.

    Posthumous justice is only “justice” for those who live after it is meted out.


  4. One would hope that we can return to exercising one of our natural rights – to seek the truth in all things – and, as a society, find the will to protect that right by making false statements recognized as the fraud they are. Today we simply classify fraud as spin and pretend that lessens its evil. And this practice has become an epidemic of fraud.
    Why not simply require that foods created through genetic modification be labeled CLEARLY as GMO products. And have that label provide a code which directs us to the research and science that went into it. Like a wikipedia of gmo products.
    This would give us a way to rationally deal with this potentially good AND bad issue without putting blinders on one way or the other. Also, if someone purchases a gmo product and has an adverse reaction, they should be able to post it to this gmo database-in-the-sky. And, researchers doing independent study on a gmo product, should be able to post their results to the same database-in-the-sky.
    Screw the government agencies that are supposed to be doing this. They have proven time and time again that, not only can they be easily corrupted, but that perhaps the corruption is the reason they were created in the first place.
    I want access to the data and I want frauds punished, severely. Of all the sins we commit as human beings, perhaps the worst is the commission of a fraud. The truth, whether it’s a turd or a rose, is always better than a lie. And, as a species, we live and die based upon the accuracy of our identifications.

  5. It is clear to me after reading over and over again about the “FDA” that they are a “paid off” institution, puppets who dance to the tune of anyone who had power, money and enough influence to see them lose their jobs if they do not look the other way…how do they sleep at night? And what is in their refrigerator? Certainly not the garbage they would have us eat!

  6. It is interesting to me as a conspiracy theorist that these exact same techniques are used to refute anomalies noted in the official fairy tale of 911. The same types of thinking are used to bring GM food to your table as are used to justify the phony war on terror.
    The corporations that the Supreme Court recently announced can now openly use their money to buy Congressional candidates and executives like Obama in order to ensure that the regulatory agencies are captured. We’ve seen it with the BP oil catastrophe and the Wall Street meltdown. Why should the FDA be any different? In a rational system it would be imperative that the GM products be proven safe beyond any reasonable doubt. We are on own as far as the government goes. Foretunately there are people like Jeffrey Smith who make the effort to enlighten us on these dangerous products.

  7. 1) Is it true that the FREEDOM OF SPEECH has been violated in the idol country USA by the fact that marketers of genetically normal food, IF they advertise their product as “gm-free” ARE FORCED also to state something like “gm food IS AS GOOD as gm-free food” ?
    2) is it true that there has been plans to (in practical terms) BAN HOME-GROWING of vegetables and the selling OF THESE in local shops? Which would be VERY MUCH in CONTRAST to ww2 -time home growing campaings that helped US at ww2 time in the home-front.

    If 1) and/or 2) is even partly true.. Something is wrong in USA, I think.

  8. Well done Jeffery

    I have message for the other poster dont worry my freinds FDA official and pharma drug lords will be bleeding to hell beacause they have GM sandwich in their refrigerator.
    You will not have to wait to punish them. be careful not to eat GM go organic.

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